Numbers 22-25 records the encounter with Balaam and Balak. It is clear from Balaam’s persistence with Balak, that his inward hearts desire was the material wealth and comforts that Balak was offering. Balaam was a man who had the privilege of knowing God’s will. Much of Balaam’s response to Balak would be considered honorable because he did not say more or less than what God commanded to say. But Balaam is a negative character in the Bible storyline. The New Testament refers back to Balaam also in a negative light using craftiness to cause Israel to sin. So what it is about Balaam that God found so destestable?
The the obvious sin of Balaam is the evil counsel he gave Balak, even after knowing God’s purpose to bless Israel. Balaam came up with the idea to entice Israel to fornicate with the Moabite women. This sin would cause God to bring judgement upon His own people. But perhaps what is more troubling is that Balaam uses understanding of God to commit sin. This is similar to what Satan did in Eden. Like Satan, Balaam had no real power to do harm to Israel, so he uses God’s character like a weapon to bring down condemnation on them. Satan knew this in garden, so by enticing Adam to sin, God would be the one to curse them.
Balaam’s tactic works and Israel is plagued with a pestilence because of their sin. I wanted to spend some time thinking about Balaam for a moment to consider how such a man, knowing God’s will on the matter, could still devise a plan that is contrary to God’s heart? Does Balaam not love God? It would seem that he does not. But yet here he is a seer that God has chosen to reveal something of His will.
I suppose it is possible for modern day “men of God” to somehow possess a heart like the one of Balaam’s yet be in privilege to know God’s word. Personally, this seems like a dreadful state for one to be in. I suppose it is easy for men of God to suppose their heart is right with God because they know something of His will. I’m not juxtaposing merely someone who wears a sheep’s skin and who is utterly false. But I’m describing someone who really does know God’s mind on the matters of the world, yet is still enticed by sin.
I suppose the focus of my musings of Balaam is not on what he did, but the heart behind what he did. I see within myself a warring of two natures. I am someone who, by the grace of God, knows something of the heart of God and His will in matters of the world. But yet sin remains and is at utter conflict with the work of God.
I pray and beg God for His name’s sake to keep my feet from slipping. On a personal level, there is no real enemy to fear more than the sin is always crouching and waiting for opportunity to devour. Purge out the double-mindedness. Instruct me daily the way I should go. Let me not be found at home in the “time where kings go out to war”. Lead me not into temptation. Watch and pray.
For those who serve God, we are at war with sin. Sin is really the only thing harm a personal testimony. Satan is otherwise powerless, in spiritual terms, to curse God’s people where God has commanded a blessing. But if sin should find opportunity, God will chastise, rebuke, or even remove His hand. Think of many men of God, in the Bible, or that you know of, who have fallen. And even if there is a measure of redemption for them that follows, there will always remain a tarnish and a level of unmovable consequences.
I pray and beg God to help me, that my feet should not slip, and protect my children and sons in the faith that they would have a breastplate of righteousness securely fastened in their lives. I pray that they would love God and be able to avoid many hurtful sins such as I have come to experience. Thanks to God for the gift of righteousness in Jesus Christ. Knowing that finally, I’m able to offer to God a perfect righteousness that isn’t my own but imputed to me through the cross!
Key Verse: 12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.”
A. Jesus is in the temple on the last day of the Festival of Booths. 住棚節。During the feast, the Jews would take time to remember how God was with them in the wilderness as they dwelt in tents. In the festival of the Booths, tradition says that in the last days of the feast, people would gather under the lamplights of the temple. This is where Jesus exclaims, “I AM the Light of the world.”
B. John is showing us the division amongst the people. Some believe others do not. The religious leader in the majority do not believe and are plotting to kill him.
2. Theological Observations
Jesus is the Light of the world. This is the most apparent theological observation we can make in our passage, but what does He mean by “light”? Jesus qualifies what His light does for those who follow Him; they “shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the life of light.”
In previous chapters, John had already talked about darkness. He said men loved darkness rather than the light and that this condemned them of sin (see John 3:15-21). According to John, darkness is the sin and evil that humanity lives in. The Light of Christ exposes our sin, and people choose to resist Christ’s rebukes.
Jesus is claiming that, whoever believes in Him and His word, will be given eternal life that the Light brings. Also, Jesus’ light will guide and direct God’s people, just as He did in the wilderness.
I note, there is an interesting connection between the Light and Jesus Himself. At times it seems Jesus possesses light, and at other times, Jesus is the same as the Light. The implication is we are called to rely on Jesus’ heart as well as His leadership and His words.
Such a claim does not leave room for many options to choose from. Either He is the Light, or He is not. As we can see from the narrative, there is a division amongst the people that either accepts that He is the Messiah or conclude He is lying.
We are left with the problem that John has already explained in John 3. We love our darkness, and the Light of Christ reproves us. How then can we be translated into Christ’s light and receive “the life of light”?
3. How do the passage point to Jesus and the gospel?
Verse 12 tells us that Jesus’ life leads to life, but how so? As we read a little farther, John leaves another bread crumb in chapter 12. Some non-Jews come to seek for Jesus, and John sees this as a final sign that Jesus’ death is near (See John 12:20-23). Toward the end of that passage, Christ says that the time for Satan’s defeat has come, and Jesus will be “lifted up” (on the cross) (see John 12:31-32).
To this, the crowd rightly says the scripture teaches the Messiah will live forever but wrongly assumes He would never die. Rather than correct this, Jesus calls for them to trust Him in spite of their wrong assumptions. In verses 35 and 36 of chapter 12, Jesus says, “Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light.”
“Thay ye may be children of the light”? In what sense do believers become children of the light? Hearkening back to Nicodemus in chapter three, Jesus told Nicodemus that “ye must be born again.” Children of darkness become children of light through a supernatural birth that believing in Jesus accomplishes. Even though the listener’s understanding isn’t perfect at this point, they can still choose to trust Jesus as the source of Light. This alone is an acceptable belief in the eyes of God that leads one to eternal life. Thus says Jesus, “Walk while ye have the light…believe in the light, that ye may be children of the light.”
We exchange families when we believe in Jesus Christ as the Light. His light not only reproves us of sin but bestows upon us the life we could never avail ourselves to. Paul will later say in Colossians 1:12-13,
“Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son.”
This “translation” process was accomplished through the cross and resurrection of Christ. As Jesus broke the power of darkness on the cross, life and light were made freely available to all who trust Christ.
Upon reading John a second time, one will realize John gave the answer to this problem back in John 1:12-13,
“But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”
How do people today apply light to everyday problems? One needs constant light while working under the car. We consult the light to find our way about objects in a dark room. Without adequate light, we cannot read well for long periods. Putting the metaphor aside, we need to consult with Christ just as we constantly consult with the light. And it isn’t as simple as flipping on the switch in the kitchen.
We live in a day where getting the Bible is relatively easy. I say “relatively” because of the internet and smartphones. We can download an app that will read the Bible to us. Whatever platform one chooses to read or hear the scriptures, we still should plan to consult it regularly with a prepared heart to obey.
Light doesn’t do one good unless one chooses to act according to it. As we absorb the scriptures, we already have an attitude of belief, “this is true and good.” But we also make a plan throughout the day to consult with it. Prepare yourself beforehand to read and focus on scriptures throughout the day. Get a plan. Borrow someone else’s plan and make it yours. Ask mature Christians how they keep God’s word in front of them, even when times are chaotic and extra busy.
For maturer Christians who ought to be teachers, we can help others understand the truth they are reading, but it takes works to untangle the webs of confusion young disciples have. As the truth confronts sin and challenges their world views, they will almost certainly have questions that only a skilled Bible student can answer without mishandling the scriptures. Can you handle the scriptures? Have you been Christian for so long but yet considered a novice in Bible explanation? Have you sought training so you can better communicate biblical truths to a lost and dying world? You’ve had the Light of Christ for so long; are you now able to guide others into it?
The context of this post: I’ve been listening to much of “Unbelievable?” a podcast based in the “post-Christian” United Kingdom. Many of the guests who speak on Unbelievable are theistic Christians, including Justin Brierley, the host of the program. I don’t expect Justin to read this letter as he received multitudes of correspondence from the multitudes that listen to the show. But I just chose this letter as the format to organize my own thoughts in response to the things I’ve heard. I would agree with others who have said theistic evolution undermines the authority of Scripture. I believe Justin to be a Christian man regardless of his thoughts on evolution. By listening to the conversations Justin has hosted, I have been able to organize some of my own thoughts as we continue ministry here in Taiwan where people are predominately pagan.
Thank you for the excellent work on “Unbelievable?”. I have enjoyed listening to many episodes and have benefitted from the conversations I’ve heard. As you once said, it is beneficial to Christians to listen in on these interactions to better organize one’s own thoughts to the end of better communicating the gospel. I think the result for myself has been just that.
I wanted to use this letter to organize a particular thought of my own around the idea that some people require intellectual consistency in the gospel before committing to believing. I have gathered from listening to your thoughts and line of questioning towards some guests that it would seem rather crucial that the Christian faith requires approval from a scientific consensus. Forgive me if the above statement has misjudged your work, as I have not listened to the entirety of all that you have said. I think your position as a theistic evolutionist will attest to that.
As a Bible believer, I would believe if God promised He could fit large squares into small circular holes. I would believe this simply because it is He who promised. I wish to share my understanding of Romans four as to why I would be happy to suspend rational thinking if my God would require it of me, and I believe He has (as I will show from Romans chapter four!).
If a person can be saved, it must be through faith, but what kind? It must be the kind of faith that Abraham has exhibited. Romans 4:1 begins that discussion with that very question, “what shall we say then that Abraham our father…has found?” And in response, Paul says (in my own paraphrase), “What does the Scripture say? Abraham believed God and righteousness was counted to him.”
Now to the point, this imputed righteousness by faith was so done by God, not for the Jews only, but to all “who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father, Abraham. (vv12)” The promise that Abraham would receive a son through Sarah and become the heir of the world flew in the face of everything he knew to be reasonable. Paul says, “Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations.” What consistent reason did Abraham have to believe God against what is naturally consistent? Old men married to old women with “dead wombs” cannot have children, but because of faith in God’s promise, he “considered it not” (vv19).
There may not have been science then in the form that there is now, but the ancients weren’t so foolish not to grasp the difficulty of God’s promise. “He staggered not at the promise..but was strong in faith, giving glory to God. (vv20)” Abraham’s saving faith in the OT is not the only instance, Paul says, “Even as David also describes..(vv6).”
What I see here in common between the faith of Abraham and David is how there doesn’t seem to be much intellectual or natural foundation for the promises God gave them. And let us not absolutize the idea our faith is unreasonable or inconsistent. It is reasonable that God would give promises that purposefully lack any natural explanation to glorify God and His word. Is it not the point of a miracle to break the rules of nature? Do we not have sufficient reason to believe God raises the dead to life contrary to what is consistent in nature?
We, too, have something in common with the faith of Abraham and David, that we believe God raises the dead against all reason and what is natural. “Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed to him, but for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead. (vv23-24).
As I have heard you give testimony to the Lord Jesus Christ and His resurrection, I know you believe this and derive great comfort from God’s promises as I do. But if we apply naturalistic observations with what God tells us in His world, we will hardly come to any agreement. I’m afraid what many will do is compromise God’s word in the name of possessing an “intellectual foundation for faith,” as I heard it said once in the program.
It would seem to me, if the conclusion of Romans four is true, then we cannot avail ourselves to saving faith that imputes righteousness through naturalistic reasoning. But rather, the kind of faith that saves comes by hearing and hearing of the word of God. I know no other means of conversion and transforming other than hearing and being changed by God’s word.
I think it is wonderful that after ten years of hosting atheists, you are still a Christian. But are you Christian because after ten years, logic demands it of you? Only if we knew what we could accomplish the glory of God if we did it all by faith!
In my personal journey, it has perhaps taken much longer than ten years to arrive where I am today, so do not speak as a judge over anyone. And I hope that this exercise (this letter) is not perceived as judgemental. I wish you well and look forward to seeing what you will accomplish in the next ten years.
Paul has been planting churches in gentile cities. Now there is a mixture of Jewish and Gentile people in the churches that have never existed before. In those days, a great famine vexed the church in Jerusalem, primarily Jewish Christians. Paul saw an opportunity to accomplish to significant needs of the infant church, first to teach the spirit of giving in the Lord, and secondly, to help unify gentile and Jewish believers in the gospel.
Our particular passage deals with this issue as Paul brought it before the church in Corinth.
2. What Can We Learn About God?
God’s abundant generosity towards us is willing of His own free choice.
Before Paul arrives in Corinth, he sends this letter out ahead of him so that the church would prepare their offering. In ancient times, money preparation was far more complicated than using a check or using any of the many digital means we have today. But he wants people to give in the same spirit of which God gives.
"Therefore I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren, that they would go before unto you, and make up beforehand your bounty, whereof ye had notice before, that the same might be ready, as a matter of bounty, and not as of covetousness." Verse 5
In verse 5, Paul says again what the Bible has said about offerings all along, that people should give “as a matter of bounty.” In other words, people should give willingly and not be coerced. Coercion would include using guilt or extreme pressure to persuade someone to give.
Verse 7 restates the matter more plainly, “Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity.”
This generous and cheerful giving is a principle of giving based on God’s own character, as the rest of verse seven tells us, “God loveth a cheerful giver.” God loves those who give willingly because He is a most willing giver, even of His own Son, to save the likes of you and me.
God loves to enable us to give more than we are able.
This kind of cheerful giving comes with another principle that any Christian can lay hold of by faith. The principle is in verse eight:
“And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work.” Verse 8
God will enable you to give generously as you endeavor to become cheerful givers. Looking back to chapter 8, Paul boasts about other churches in Macedonia who gave beyond their means. These churches were poor in material wealth, yet somehow, God gave them the ability and the money to give generously.
To rephrase, the people of Macedonia wanted to give. And even though they were poor, God gave them the ability to give more and above what they were logically able to offer. They purposed in their heart to give and be generous, and then God gave through them to meet the need.
Verse eight promises to us that God will meet our own material needs and enable us to meet the needs of others. Therefore we are free to trust God and give willingly, knowing that He is faithful to provide our needs and more that we might bless others.
God loves to do this through His people because such generosity is in line with His giving character. Verses nine and ten provide us with Paul’s hermeneutic use of Psalm 112:9 followed by his own commentary.
“As it is written, He hath dispersed abroad; he hath given to the poor: his righteousness remaineth for ever.” Verse 9
“Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for increase the fruits of your righteousness.” Verse 10
“The seed to the sower,” in this case, is the giver, both seed for his own want but also seed for the purpose of giving. And even in the end result, God, who first supplied the ability to give, now rewards the generosity he first enabled. That is the abundant blessing and richness of God’s generosity!
At this point in the conversation, a growing Christian brother or sister may ask, “But I have nothing to give; all my resources are already occupied by bills or otherwise.” Dear Christian, have you considered the reason why God hasn’t provided you with more is that He knows that you would not use it for His sake? But instead, you would find some other want or pleasure for occupying the thing He would give you.
Only when your heart is set on God and His kingdom first will He open His hand to give you what you do not have. As we seek His righteousness and His will first, He will not only fulfill our needs but the needs of others we ask Him to supply through our generosity (Matt. 6:33).
3. How does this passage point to Jesus and the Gospel?
The measure of God’s generosity towards us is His Son, Jesus Christ.
If God is now commanding His people to give and generously give. How can one do so and not give grudgingly or from out of being coerced by a commandment of God? It is because those who are able to give willingly and generously are only following what God Himself has done in giving us His Son. God’s command for us to give is not so we might avail ourselves to a prize that must be purchased with good works. But we are merely following the heart of God, which generously gave us eternal life in Christ at the cross.
Whereby Paul says in verse 15, “Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift.” Because giving us the fullness of the godhead in Jesus is unspeakably rich.
Therefore those who benefit from our generous giving have a proof of the gospel that perhaps they had not seen before. The message of the gospel is coupled with a testimony of generosity and love from those who give willingly from the heart.
“Whiles by the experiment of this ministration they glorify God for your professed subjection unto the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal distribution unto them, and unto all men.” Verse 13
It would be quite a contradiction to give the words of the gospel without performing it in deed also. How contrary would it be to pass by someone in physical need, only offering them the word of the cross whilst ignoring their desperate hunger or other temporal need. Let us meditate richly in the generosity of God towards us and be transformed into generous givers knowing that God will provide abundantly as we purpose in our hearts to serve Him with our gifts.
Let us also try our faith in this matter. God has said, “purpose in your heart”. So why not purpose a great deal as to stretch our faith and dependency on God? We know He loves a cheerful giver and will not let that saint be ashamed in trusting in Him. What can you do to help your church in their vision to get the gospel to the world?
Jesus has been revealing Himself to the Jews as their Messiah. But it hasn’t been as simple as saying, “Here I am, your King!” The people have not understood that He is more than a human king coming to restore a broken kingdom. John has already told us He is the Creator become human flesh in the epilogue, and His mission is to take away the sins of the world. This revelation far outstrips the messiah the Jews were expecting. Their misunderstanding of God’s heart, His Word, and what He wants to do is what Old Testament readers should come to expect, however. When did God’s people, the Jews of antiquity, ever come to really understand God?
Jesus is God’s Son, finally revealing in the flesh what has always been God’s plan from the beginning before He made the world. People are taking sides, choosing whether to believe Jesus’ claims or not. Jesus doesn’t leave a third choice; either He is, or He is not sent from God. The theme of the passage today in John 7 is, “He is the Sent One from God.”
2. What Can we Observe About God?
God’s character is always consistent with His Word.
Jesus did not come to be famous and be fawned over. But this is what Jesus’ half-brothers thought about Him. The Bible tells us they didn’t believe and supposed He was doing things for fame.
“His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart hence, and go into Judaea, that thy disciples also may see the works that thou doest. For there is no man that doeth any thing in secret, and he himself seeketh to be known openly. If thou do these things, shew thyself to the world. For neither did his brethren believe in him.” Verse 3-5
But Jesus has been consistent since the beginning. John tells us in chapter one, Jesus is God who became flesh and that He is Lamb of God come to take away the sin of the world.
“And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us…” 1:14
“Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” 1:29
If Jesus wanted fame and popularity, He could have simply let them make Him King when they tried to take Him by force in Chapter 6.
“When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.” 6:15
No, Jesus’ actions have always been consistent with God’s word. Jesus tells His unbelieving family the world hates Him because He exposes their sin.
“The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.” Verse 7
This rebuff of our sin has been the bottom line and the root of humanity’s rejection of God from the beginning. We have loved our sin more than we have loved God. And now Jesus has come, and He is consistent with God’s word in rebuffing our sin. We can see this consistency in Jesus at the conclusion of chapter 6. He has refused cheap honor. He has been sent to complete His Father’s will and will not be persuaded to do anything else.
Again, Jesus is refusing the cheap honor of men. He is sent from God, and He will consistently work according to God’s plan and turn not to the right hand nor to the left. At the Temple, Jesus tells the crowds He only speaks what the Father sent to say.
“My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me” Verse 16
We can trust Jesus’ motives because He isn’t working for His own honor but the glory of His Father who sent Him.
“He that speaketh of himself seeketh his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory that sent him, the same is true, and no unrighteousness is in him.”
In contrast, religious leaders are, at best, have inconsistent motives and contradictions inside their own moral reasoning. Jesus knows of their plot to put Him to death and again exposes their sin and hypocrisy.
“Did not Moses give you the law, and yet none of you keepeth the law? Why go ye about to kill me?” Verse 19
They, of course, deny this plot. If we are consistent in anything, it would be our denial and self-justification. The Jews counter Jesus’ accusation with one of their own, claiming He is demon posses or insane:
“The people answered and said, Thou hast a devil: who goeth about to kill thee?” Verse 20
But now, let the reader decide who is being consistent and who is seeking God’s glory. Jesus has the crowd recall back in Chapter 5 when He healed a man on the Sabbath day.
“Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.” 5:18
Jesus brings this to their memory and points out the religious leaders will perform a circumcision ritual on the sabbath. The religious leaders would conclude that performing this religious rite is a good and righteous thing to do; however, they seek to kill Him because He had healed someone on the sabbath day. Jesus points out their anger at him is hypocrisy and inconsistent.
“If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken; are ye angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day? ” Verse 23
With this one act of Jesus on the sabbath, we see more than just His consistency to perform the Father’s will, but also the witness from the miracles He performs. He is the Messiah and more!
Many of the people had the insight from this point alone to place their faith in Him:
“And many of the people believed on him, and said, When Christ cometh, will he do more miracles than these which this man hath done?” Verse 31
3. How Does this Passage Point to the Gospel and Jesus Christ?
We can know we can be saved because God gave us a consistent Savior who is as dependable as God’s Word.
Every bit of this is good news for those who wish to be saved from sin and spend eternity with God. There remain on this earth millions who have a religion but sit in spiritual darkness. Many even claim Jesus as the head of their religion, yet are still ignorant of the free salvation to be head in trust Christ alone. They say something like, “How can salvation be so easy?”
It is “easy” for us because Christ did all the work. He didn’t leave anything left undone. He was perfectly consistent and thorough in fulfilling God’s plan. He did such a thorough job; all one needs to need is to come to Jesus and “drink,” and he’ll never thirst again.
“If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.” Verses 37-38
God freely gives this offer of living water to quench spiritual thirst. Because of our sin, we are horribly inconsistent hypocrites. Even when we hold ourselves up to our own standards, we fall short. How much more sinful do we become in the face of God’s standard and Christ’s rebuffs? Yet, in verse 37, Jesus is quoting Isaiah 55:1 in fulfillment with Himself.
This living water is, of course, the same offer Jesus made to the Samaritan woman of chapter four. This offer is consistent with the heart of God to save sinners as He has revealed Himself in Scripture.
Our confidence in being saved doesn’t come from our own ability, but knowing we have a Savior who is as faithful and steadfast as God’s Word.
It does not matter what we lose to come to Christ because He is the living water that fills and quenches all thirst. The sinner may lose relationships with family or friends because they’ve chosen to believe in Christ. But Christ is sufficient to fill you with much more.
As Christians, we learn to be filled with Him. We understand the source of our discontentment is sin. Jesus is our constant source to which we can return. As Lord of our life, we confess sinful attitudes as He reveals them, and we look to Him for joy and contentment. We should consider the Living water whenever we attempt to fill our soul with material things only to find they do not truly satisfy.
Without Christ, your sin will remain. Eternal life is priceless, yet He gives it to you free. Don’t pass it up! Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and be baptized in His name!
On the previous day, Jesus fed the crowd of 5,000 using a miracle. In response, the people want to take Jesus and make Him King by force, whether He wanted it or not. The following day, the crowd is searching for Him and find him on the other side of the Sea of Tiberias in Capernaum. The following dialogue from Jesus begins with asking Jesus how He arrived on the other side of the lake, “Rabbi, when camest thou hither?”
2. What Can We Observe About God?
God wants to draw you into true belief with His love.
In a rare public discourse, Jesus speaks frankly with the crowd, though still using metaphorical language once the metaphors are defined. Jesus knows they are looking for Him because of the feeding miracle He performed the previous day. He tells them, don’t exert yourselves looking for food only but for the “food” Jesus gives, which is everlasting life.
“Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled. Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.” Verses 26-27
Misunderstanding what Jesus meant by this, they asked in effect, “what sort of works does God require of us?”
“Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God? ” Verse 28
To this, Jesus said, “Believe Him, and that He has sent me.”
“This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.” Verse 29
In this initial exchange, we can see the heart of God being communicated to them, though they do not perceive it yet. Despite their ignorance of who He is and wrong motives for following Him, Jesus was compassionate to their hunger the day before. Jesus is patiently dealing with their ignorance. He gives them more chances and time to realize that they need to trust Him solely because of who He is and that He has come to die for them.
But to believe Him the way He is directing them to, they must first humble themselves to be able to hear what He is telling them. He is the King. But He isn’t the one they are expecting (see v15) because their assumptions of Him and of the Scriptures are wrong. The miracles prove who He is, and that alone should be enough reason to humbly consider who He is and what He is saying.
Jesus’ response elicits more questions from the crowd, and their questions continue to show their selfish motives for searching Him out. They demand more signs, namely more bread, and even apply Moses’ law to their interests.
With each response, they urge Jesus to move closer to their desires, but with each answer, Jesus directs them closer to Him to where we end at a final showdown and rejection on the crowd’s part.
“Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger,; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.” Verses 34 and 35
God’s desire for these people and us is for us to believe. But a sinful construct stands in the way of them offering a heartfelt belief God can accept.
“But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.” Verse 37
So as far as Jesus is willing to produce bread so the people are willing to follow, but this does not constitute the belief God will accept; in fact, it is not belief at all. The belief God wants will humble itself before Him. Not because we are to cower before a fiery God, but because we willingly submit ourselves to He who loves us greatly without measure. Without this trust and submission, there is no belief that God would accept.
Even though the Son of God stands in front of them, they cannot see past their lust and their own desires. There is no submission in their confession. They must first be drawn by the Father’s love away from their lustful motives.
“No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.” Verse 44
They must believe who He is, His authority over the world, and His motivation of love for them. The Father’s love, seen in the compassion of Jesus, and the power display in the miracles is the meaning of the signs, healings, and raising from the dead. God desires to draw His own unto Himself in this way, being constrained by the love of Christ.
This is not a novel idea invented by the New Testament. God has always wanted to overcome unbelief by drawing us closer to Him with His love.
The outcome of this drawing is “belief,” namely, a life lived for the glory of Christ and not our own desires. Paul captures this thought.
Should not these two elements of God’s drawing persuade the sinner to repentance? He is infinitely able to hold you firmly as not to lose you. And His love is boundless so that He comes down from Heaven to die for you.
3. How does this passage point to the Gospel and Jesus Christ?
Both the love that draws and the resurrection power that saves is in Jesus Christ Alone.
The crowd is stubbornly following Jesus for their desires. This is not belief. But perhaps some of them will consider the power Jesus holds to perform miracles and consider His heart for doing so. If they believe this, they will agree that Jesus is the “bread of life”.
“Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life. I am that bread of life.”
Those who were unwilling to hear never got past this mild metaphor.
“The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” Verse 52
The ultimate showdown of their self-will and submitting to Christ has arrived, and many were offended, not even willing to know who He is.
Of course, Jesus is not talking about consuming His physical body, but consuming His words, believing them, and faithfully abiding in them forever.
“It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.” Verse 63
Knowing that you have eternal life does not require any other work than that of believing Jesus Christ is enough.
We are not even required to understand everything He said intellectually, but only to believe who He is and why He died for you. He died to become the “Bread of Life”. His death and resurrection fulfill His promise to give everlasting life to those who believe in Him. You can believe right where you sit.
2 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; 2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: 3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. 4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
Paul is writing a letter to a church he started in Ephesus. When Paul first met them, they were pagans of other religions and did not know about God. There would have been some Jews that knew the Scriptures but did not yet hear about Jesus. Paul writes to them to encourage them to grow in faith. They need to know that their salvation is not earned or maintained by works.
In Paul’s day, some Jews were telling new believers that belief in Jesus was not enough. Jews were telling the foreign Christians they had to be circumcised and obey Moses’ law (see Acts 15:5). Paul writes to ensure believers that salvation is belief in Jesus alone.
2. What Can We Observe About God?
God’s love is endlessly rich, willing to pay the total cost of any amount of sin to save sinners.
The people who Paul is writing to were dead in their sins when Paul met them. They did not know God or of His ways. Instead, just like everyone who doesn’t know God, lives life according to their own desires. This lifestyle without God is destined for God’s wrath and judgment.
“Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.” Verse 3
But after they heard the Gospel and believed, God made them “alive.”
“And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins” Verse 1
Even after a whole lifetime of sin, God’s mercy is enough to forgive all and give us life in Christ.
“Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ.” Verse 5
Jesus Christ is the way God chose to save sinners and show forgiveness. This way is the Gospel way to salvation.
“That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.” Verse 7
Because this is God’s heart and the way He has chosen, it is foolish for anything to think they can pay for their own sin or build up righteousness by doing good works.
“For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:” Verse 8
Paul says to them, stop saying you earn or keep your salvation by doing things. It is God’s gift you received when you believed the Gospel of Jesus Christ. If you start saying salvation comes because you do good works, it is no longer a gift. It would be insulting to the Lord Jesus if you tried to purchase salvation after He already paid for you.
Someone did try to purchase the gift of God with money, and the apostles sharply rejected them.
In the same way, God’s give cannot be purchased or earn with good works or any other kind of currency. Salvation is the “gift” of God through Jesus Christ! V8
If people could purchase, earn, or maintain their salvation, then they could brag on themselves. But God only wants people to praise Him, not themselves.
“Not of works, lest any man should boast.” Verse 9
If you try to add works or tell others they must do more than just believe, then you are polluting the Gospel and insulting God’s gift. Don’t change God’s word! It is His plan, and He will finish His work!
3. How Does This Passage Point to Jesus?
Jesus’ death on the cross is enough to settle any amount of sin debt and preserve eternal life for all who believe.
God doesn’t want us to add stuff to His masterpiece. He doesn’t need our opinions, money, or good works. Just as He created the world without our help, so He creates new believers without our help. He doesn’t need us to do anything besides believe His word and believe the Gospel!
“For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.” Verse 10
Believers are His masterpiece, and He is doing a work of grace in us! Just believe His word!
Check your understanding of the Gospel. Do you believe you have eternal life ultimately from grace alone without your works? Once a person is saved, God does have works for us to do, but they are for maintaining or earning our salvation!
“For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.” Verse 10
The works God created you for will serve Him, particularly helping His church get the Gospel to others. Are you willing to get involved? Jesus was willing to give all the grace necessary to save you. Are you willing to offer the same grace to people who need to hear the Gospel?
Every service rendered in the church plays a part of grace to other people. You can pour coffee for a guest who visits. You can sit with a stranger and make them feel welcome. It is hard for people to visit a new place. What grace can you extend to them to help them hear the Gospel?
God is looking for people He will use. He will use people who want to be used.
II Timothy 2:1-2 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also. 3 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. 4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
Paul was imprisoned in Rome around 63 AD. A year later fires destroyed much of Rome and Nero blamed the Christians. Later Paul was back in Rome and executed about 67 or 68 AD.
This letter was written awaiting martyrdom.
Paul had invested much of his life into Timothy, a young man he met while preaching the Gospel. Timothy decided to come with Paul to be trained and used of God in the ministry. Everything Timothy learned about the gospel was in the context of this “discipleship” relationship with Paul.
Now Paul is awaiting to die and is writing to Timothy for the last time. We can expect to hear what is considered the most important things on Paul’s heart as one might expect to hear from someone preparing to die.
2. What Can we Observe about God?
God wants the discipleship relationship to transform lives.
Paul and Timothy were not biological father and son, however this was pattern the New Testament left for Christians to follow. This was relationship in which Timothy learned the Bible, theology, and Gospel work. Paul was like a father willing to share his life as well as his knowledge.
“1 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.”
As traveling companions, they would have spent night and day together. Meals, lodging, and idle time were in each other’s company. Timothy would have watch Paul live out his faith in public and private.
Timothy made a radical decision to leave his home, work, and comfort zone to be with Paul (see Acts 16:1-3). This kind of radical decision was met with Paul’s full attention and care for his spiritual son.
The purpose of discipleship is to transform people into loyal servants for Christ and to be the primary method of Christian reproduction.
“2 And the things that thou hast heard of meamong many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also. 3 Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.”
Paul directs Timothy to do for others what he has done for Timothy. The end result is disciples of Jesus who are able to reproduce more disciples.
Paul tells Timothy to make a choice of whom he should commit to, and that his choice should be based on one primary attribute, faithfulness.
Jesus also was choosy whom He would commit himself to:
He knew that mere professions of faith was not worthy of His time, but He would choose those whom were faithful. Now, Paul is instructing Timothy to choose wisely who to invest his time in.
This discipleship lifestyle would transform believers as they pursued Christ and His vision together. The goal of the mentor and the disciple was to carry out the Gospel mandate.
At the time 2 Timothy was written, Christians were being crucified and lit on fire in Rome. To be baptized publicly during this time meant to have a death sentence as people confessed Jesus as Lord instead of Caesar. So Paul encourage Timothy to prepare himself for the hardness ahead:
Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.
Like soldiers, disciples need to be trained and equipped to endure hardness. Their faith needs to grow and their live needs to be changed. This discipleship relationship was the means God chose to work in people’s lives.
This is not the same things as only attending church. People attend church but their lives don’t change. People have a pastor, but they don’t have a mentor. Sometimes the Pastor is failing his duty by not making disciples. Much of the time people do not display the kind of basic faithfulness to begin the discipleship relationship.
Discipleship is what all Christians are commanded to do, but very few will ever obey. It is a radical decision to not be entangled with the affairs of this world in order devote oneself to Christ and His misison. 4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
The sacrifices of the Christian soldier are not begrudging choices but willing sacrifices to please the Master. While this kind of life looks fanatical to the world, it is only reasonable in the kingdom of God.
Every Christian is called to be discipled and disciple others. There is no education requirement to begin studying and emulating Jesus. Making a disciple or training a person doesn’t mean that they will be preachers, pastors, or missionaries. It doesn’t mean that they have to be trained by a pastor or missionary.
Though our passage refers to a father and son like relationship, discipleship is for women also. The mature women were to teach the younger women
3. How does our passage point to Jesus and the the Gospel?
The gospel is the transforming power of God brought to the world through discipleship.
Paul was instructing his spiritual son, Timothy, to do for others what Christ did for His own disciples. Mark 3:14 And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach,
People are saved when they believe the Gospel message. The Gospel message continues to nurture a person’s transformation after they are saved. Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
But discipleship is what facilitates maturity. Imagine tomato plants growing and in the early stages, the producer may add a trellis to encourage its growth. The trellis does not add nutrients to the plant. Only the Gospel and the Holy Spirit can do that. But God gave us mentors help us grow and produce fruit more efficiently. Good discipleship will always point the student to Christ and search the cross for answers and growth. II Timothy 2:1-2 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
Take action in your own discipleship. If Jesus is important to you, make time to be discipled. Get with your pastor or mentor every week. Go with him or her to do daily tasks. Ask questions, learn, and join the vision of the church to get the Gospel to people.
There are seven serving groups our churches use, do you know what they are? Do you officially have a role in your church? If you are serving in our church, then you are almost certainly being trained and discipled.
If something must be sacrificed to make time for discipleship, start with hobbies or work. God promises to meet the needs of those who put Him first. (Matthew 6:33)
David is a fugitive from Saul’s jealously. Ever since David came back victoriously from war, Saul has been trying to kill David (see Samuel 18:6-9).
By chapter 23, David has fled to the wilderness to live in the mountains and caves with men who remain loyal to him. But God was with David and has chosen him to be king in stead of Saul.
And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.
Even with God’s blessing and protection, David is still living in suffering and discomfort. David is a man of discipline, he has learned encourage himself in the Lord. The psalms he wrote let us see into his private though while he was on the run:
Even though David has great trust in God, he still deals with contradicting thoughts. “If God is with me then why do I flee? Why am I suffering like this? Why am I being defeated?” Psalms 11 lets us see in the battle raging in his heart:
The oppression is so overwhelming, what can the righteous do? If David, God’s chosen, can feel this way, then people today who love God and perform His call can expect to deal with the same circumstances. Being a witness for Christ in a world engulfed in darkness is not an easy life. Even though we go with God’s power, still, obedience to great commission will mean suffering and times of discouragement.
2. What Can we Learn about God?
God’s loves us with promises, sacrifice, and personal risk to Himself.
It’s at this point in David’s life where discouragement as set in where Jonathan, Saul’s son, comes out to comfort him.
And Jonathan Saul’s son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth. And they two made a covenant before the Lord: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
Consider the cost to Jonathan to be David’s friend. Jonathan was willing to give up his claim to the throne (v17). By being David’s friend, he was risking his own life by the hands of his father Saul (see 20:32-33).
Jonathan put the life of his friend before his own. It didn’t matter if Jonathan would lost his rights. It didn’t matter if Jonathan wouldn’t be the most important person in the kingdom. Jonathan was willing to put his friend first and sweat to his own hurt. What a friend!
Jonathan’s encouragement went far beyond just a simple pat on the back or a few idle words like “hang in there.” It does not cost you anything to simply wish someone good luck and leave them to their misery. Like verse 16 says, Jonathan strengthened him in God. Jonathan must knew what God had promised David, that he would be king, and so Jonathan came to remind David of those promises. Following this, Jonathan adds his own promise to put David before himself v18. This covenant they made was before the Lord, meaning, Jonathan would do all he can to help David according to the plans God has already put in place.
And they two made a covenant before the Lord: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
What makes Jonathan’s encouragement so powerful is a combination of these elements we see:
Jonathan’s risk to injury to meet with David.
Jonathan’s sacrifice to comfort and push David forward.
Jonathan’s use of God’s promises to encourage David.
Jonathan’s own promise to put David first in the Lord.
If you can learn to be a friend like Jonathan, you can make disciples. Thought the scope of this lesson is to learn Christian friendship, the principle of friendship also applies to making disciples. Discipleship making is not a discipline that must be learned in seminary, but rather a more basic call to love others and put them first, encouraging them in the Lord.
As we see a story like this in the Bible, we must remember that these stories are not stories about the glory of Jonathan, David, or any other Bible hero. But rather, they reveal to us who God is and help us understand how we can trust and believe Him.
In the background portion of this lesson we considered the contradiction raging in David’s heart. “If I am God’s chosen, then why am I suffering this way?” Though it may feel like God had distanced Himself from our suffering, His word assures us He has not. God’s promises to sinners like Abraham, David, you and I guarantees only that He will suffer along side us before there will be a resolution to our suffering and struggle with sin.
3. How does this passage point to Jesus and the Gospel?
All passages of the Bible point to the gospel at least in three ways, themes, roles, and rituals.
The Role of Jonathan and the theme of friendship:
Jesus’ faithful friendship secures our hope in the Gospel.
Jesus’ selflessly sacrificed His life on the cross not only cleansed our sin and gave us eternal life, but also elevated our status in His eyes from servants to become friends.
There was a moment in Jonathan and David’s friendship where Jonathan symbolically gave David his own royal robe, bow, and sword.
It was clear that Prince Jonathan did not merely see David as a servant even though it was in his power to treat him as such. Because of their friendship, Jonathan elevated David’s status greatly and shared his royal table with him. Whatever Jonathan heard from his father or any pertinent news from court, he shared it with David.
On the eve of Jesus final sacrifice for His disciple He tells them, “Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. (John 15:15)”
Jesus paid with His blood to make friendship with us. In order to pay for sins of His friends, His blood was shed. This was a “risk” that He willingly accepted, knowing from the beginning that the mission was always the cross.
The comfort He would give us as His friends goes far beyond a list of religious sounding words of wisdom. But we are comforted by His personal appearance and salvation He secured for us on the cross. His love was coupled with His suffering for our sake, a decision He was not forced to make, but made it anyway out of love for us.
Like Jonathan was able to portray on a smaller scale, Jesus also laid aside His royal crown to serve us. He wore instead a crown of thorns as symbol of His service and suffering for our sake.
Finally, Jesus friendship and encouragement towards us is based on the promises of God. This act of friendship toward us was promised before the world began. Jesus on the last night with His disciple made His own covenant with them, all according to the word His Father had already proclaimed.
Finally, Jesus gave us more than just His royal robes, but He gave us His own flesh and blood on the cross. Its through His provision of His flesh we are able to approach God as the friends of Christ with our sins forgiven and welcomed to the courts of God.
It is clear from Philippians 2:5 and John 15 we apply these promise first by believing then and then imitating them. Our freedom from sin comes when we believe and accept the offer of friendship Jesus is giving through His body.
But then as His friends we are called to “let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus.” Our behavior towards others should be and imitation of Christ as already done for us.
Jesus commands us to continue in His love, the love He love us with:
What did it cost to purchase your soul from sin and hell? It cost God the most precious thing in His possession. It cost Jesus His life. If we are going to rescue souls from hell, we must be prepared to pay with our lives. We give our lives in His service, we sacrifice, we share, we open ourselves to strangers, we come under attack, we are hated for His name sake.
We are His friends willing to do His willing as He was willing to give all He had for us.
Since humanity was forced from the garden, they have continued their spiral of corruption to the point where all the “thoughts of man were evil continually”. When Adam and Eve first sinned in the garden, God did not immediately judge their sin, but temporary sent them away from His presence and covered their nakedness with a sacrifice. But now, “the end” of what God is going to tolerate has come.
2. What Can We Observe about God?
God’s patience has an end.
Even though God is kind and patient, God has said that He will not always tolerate man’s rebellion.
“And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.” V3
God could see in man’s heart and see all the corruption that was there.
“And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.” V5
So because of their sin, God made the decision to destroy what He had created.
“And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.” V7
Someone reading this for the first might ask, “What gives God the right to destroy human and animal life?”
Perhaps people then thought that their evil was considered normal. Everyone did the same things. People learned to do evil just by participating in their own community. But God has always been a present observer. He is not alien to the world He created. His voice created it and His power sustains it, therefore His opinion becomes the standard by which the world is judged. While the world’s actions may be considered normal in our eyes, but according to God’s standard, the earth had become corrupt before Him.
“The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.” V11
God’s judgement does not come without grieving.
We must not think that God enjoys destroying the work of His own hands. Judgment comes as a necessary response to inciting His wrath. His name is being dragged through the mud of corruption. The people whom He has made in His own image have despised and rejected His word. And even after God’s long patience with them, they have continued in their corruption without turning toward Him. So God moves to judge with grief in His heart.
“And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.” V6
Other scriptures also communicate this about God’s judgement:
Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel? Ezekiel 33:11
So even though God does bring judgment, He would rather humanity turn Him in repentance. Bringing judgment on His own creation grieves Him at His heart.
But another reason exist why God would rather have forgiveness than judgment. Judgment does not remove sin from the sinner. It is apparent after flood destroyed all living things, sin still persisted in humanity as it does today.
“And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without.” Verse 9:22
It also can equally be said that mere mercy also does not remove sin. If there is going to be a change in humanity, there must be something more powerful than judgment and death to complete the change.
3. How Does This Passage Point to the Gospel?
Modern people have no need to fear again a global flood. God promised that the world would continue in relative consistent order.
“And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.” Genesis 8:21-22
“While the earth remaineth” implies however that the earth will not continue forever. There will be a time when a final judgment comes, and the life we know now will cease. So while, modern people do not have a need to fear a global flood, we have reason to take heed of a coming final judgment.
“And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.”
The apostle John was given a vision of the final judgement. The wicked dead were resurrected for judgment and brought before God. The books of their life were open and everyone man was judged according to all they have done. If their name was not found in the book of life, they were cast into the of fire. This is their second death. The first death was their physical death, but the second is judgment in the lake of fire.
So the question is, how does someone have their name recorded in the book of life?
John 3:36 tell us, “He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.”
When a person believes on Jesus Christ, God accepts Christ punishment in the place of our coming judgment. God knows who belongs to Him and “saves” them from the Lake of Fire. The New Testament we read is the legal contract that guarantees our forgiveness and removal of sin.
But anyone who chooses to reject Christ, their sin will remain on them until the final day of judgment comes.
Avoid the second death. God recorded these things so to avoid the second death. Everyone who does not place their faith in Christ will meet before God at the white throne judgement.
Prepare for judgment before it arrives. The Bible never told us a time when judgment will come. It might come later, it might come later this evening. But God wants us to accept Christ before judgment comes. The reason God had delayed judgment for this long is in order to give us a chance to believe and escape judgment.
We have a job to do. Our church is here to complete the mission Christ gave us to do. We have already believed God and received His salvation from death. How can we not continue to tell others the Gospel that they might escape also?